Woman leaning against wall because of recurring dizziness.

No one’s really certain what causes Meniere’s disease. But the impacts are difficult to underestimate. Ringing in the ears, vertigo, dizziness, and hearing loss are all common symptoms of this disorder. Researchers aren’t really sure why, but for some reason, fluid can build up in the ears and this appears to be the root cause of Meniere’s disease.

So the question is: if something doesn’t have an identifiable cause, how can it be managed? It’s a complex answer.

Exactly what is Meniere’s disease?

Meniere’s disease is a persistent disorder that impacts the inner ear. Symptoms of Meniere’s will grow as time passes, for many patients, because it’s a progressive disorder. Those symptoms may include:

Unpredictable bouts of vertigo: Regrettably, there’s no way to tell when these attacks of vertigo will strike or how long they could last.

Tinnitus: The degree of this tinnitus could ebb and flow, but it’s not abnormal for those with Meniere’s Disease to experience ringing in their ears.

Fullness in the ear: This symptom is medically known as aural fullness, the sensation of pressure in your ear.

Hearing loss: Meniere’s disease can result in hearing loss over time.

It’s important that you get the proper diagnosis if you’re experiencing these symptoms. For many people with Meniere’s, symptoms are intermittent. But as the disease progresses, the symptoms will likely become more persistent.

How is Meniere’s disease treated?

Meniere’s disease is a progressive and persistent condition for which there is no known cure. But that doesn’t mean there isn’t any way to treat it.

The following are a few of those treatments:

  • Steroid shots: Some symptoms of Meniere’s, especially vertigo, can be temporarily relieved with injections of specific steroids.
  • Surgery: Occasionally, Meniere’s disease can be addressed with surgery. Typically, however, only the vertigo side of the disease is impacted by this surgery. It won’t affect the other symptoms.
  • Medications: Anti-nausea and anti-dizziness medications can be prescribed by your physician in some instances. This can help when those particular symptoms appear. So, when an episode of dizziness occurs, medication for motion sickness can help relieve that dizziness.
  • Positive pressure therapy: When Meniere’s disease is particularly challenging to manage, this non-invasive method can be employed. Positive pressure therapy is the medical name for this treatment. In order to minimize fluid accumulation, the inner ear is exposed to positive pressure. Peer review has not, as of yet, confirmed the long-term advantages of this method but it does seem promising.
  • Rehabilitation: When Meniere’s disease is acting up, You can utilize certain physical therapies that can help with balance. If you’re constantly dizzy or experiencing vertigo, this strategy may be warranted.
  • Hearing aid: It might be time to get hearing aids if Meniere’s disease is advancing to the point where your ability to hear is failing. The advancement of your hearing loss won’t necessarily be slowed down by hearing aids. But it can help keep you socially engaged which can give a boost to your mental health. Hearing aids can also help you deal with the symptoms of tinnitus in numerous ways.
  • Diuretic: A diuretic is another medication alternative that may be prescribed by your physician. The idea here is that the pressure in the inner ear can be lessened by reducing retention of fluid. This medication isn’t used to manage extreme symptoms but instead is taken long-term.

Find the best treatment for you

You should get an exam if suspect you may have Meniere’s disease. Treatments for Meniere’s can sometimes reduce the progression of your condition. But these treatments more frequently help you have a better quality of life in spite of your condition.

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The site information is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. To receive personalized advice or treatment, schedule an appointment.